Kleiner, Fred S.  Gardner's Art Through the Ages: A Global Edition. 13th Ed. Vol. 1. Boston: Thomson Wadsworth, 2009.

Parker, Philip. Visual Reference Guides: World History.  New York: Sterling Publishing, 2010.

Robinson, Walter. Instant Art History.  New York: Random House, 1995.

Stokstad, Marilyn.  Art History.  Revised Second Edition. Vol. 1. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc., 2005.

Strickland, Carol and John Boswell. The Annotated Mona Lisa: A Crash Course in Art History from Prehistoric to Post-Modern. Kansas City: Andrews and McMeel, 1992.


The images found in this on-line text were mostly taken from Wikipedia Commons, which offers of repository of images with Creative Commons licenses or in the public domain.  The license is noted under every picture and, if needed, an author attribute.


The Artchive

The Artcyclopedia

Art History Resources


The Metropolitan Museum of Art

World Art Treasures

The World Wide Web Virtual Library: History of Art